Browse dbCAN-PUL Entries

PULID Characterization Method(s) Substrate Organism Publication Publish Date Type Num Genes Num CAZymes CazyFamily
PUL0032 RNA-Seq sucrose Bifidobacterium longum 16523284
A functional analysis of the Bifidobacterium longum cscA and scrP genes in sucrose utilization. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2006 Oct;72(5):975-81. doi: 10.1007/s00253-006-0358-x. Epub 2006 Mar 8.
2006 Oct degradation 3 1 GH13, GH13_18
PUL0033 RT-PCR, yeast two hybrid assay, Southern Blot trehalose Spiroplasma citri 12949193
Glucose and trehalose PTS permeases of Spiroplasma citri probably share a single IIA domain, enabling the spiroplasma to adapt quickly to carbohydrate changes in its environment. Microbiology (Reading). 2003 Sep;149(Pt 9):2687-2696. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.26336-0.
2003 Sep degradation 6 1 GH13_29, GH13
PUL0037 enzyme activity assay raffinose Streptococcus pneumoniae 31591266
Molecular analysis of an enigmatic Streptococcus pneumoniae virulence factor: The raffinose-family oligosaccharide utilization system. J Biol Chem. 2019 Nov 15;294(46):17197-17208. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.010280. Epub 2019 Oct 7.
2019 Nov 15 degradation 7 2 GH13, GH13_18
PUL0048 RNA-Seq trehalose Streptococcus mutans 29632089
Characterization of the Trehalose Utilization Operon in Streptococcus mutans Reveals that the TreR Transcriptional Regulator Is Involved in Stress Response Pathways and Toxin Production. J Bacteriol. 2018 May 24;200(12):e00057-18. doi: 10.1128/JB.00057-18. Print 2018 Jun 15.
2018 Jun 15 degradation 3 1 GH13_29, GH13
PUL0058 enzyme activity assay glycogen Bacillus subtilis 8145641
Glycogen in Bacillus subtilis: molecular characterization of an operon encoding enzymes involved in glycogen biosynthesis and degradation. Mol Microbiol. 1994 Jan;11(1):203-18. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.1994.tb00301.x.
1994 Jan biosynthesis 5 3 GH13, CBM48, GH13_9, GT5, GT35
PUL0088 Southern Blot raffinose, melibiose, isomaltotriose Streptococcus mutans 8764489
The multiple-sugar metabolism (msm) gene cluster of Streptococcus mutans is transcribed as a single operon. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1996 Jul 1;140(2-3):261-4. doi: 10.1016/0378-1097(96)00191-7.
1996 Jul 1 degradation 8 3 GH36, GH13_18, GH13
PUL0124 fosmid library screen 4-methylumbelliferyl 6-azido-6-deoxy-beta-D-galactoside uncultured bacterium 31164449
High-Throughput Recovery and Characterization of Metagenome-Derived Glycoside Hydrolase-Containing Clones as a Resource for Biocatalyst Development. mSystems. 2019 Jun 4;4(4):e00082-19. doi: 10.1128/mSystems.00082-19.
2019 Jun 4 degradation 33 2 GH13, GH13_23, GH1
PUL0141 sequence homology analysis sucrose Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. animalis 30306201
Staying alive: growth and survival of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. animalis under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2018 Dec;102(24):10645-10663. doi: 10.1007/s00253-018-9413-7. Epub 2018 Oct 10.
2018 Dec degradation 4 1 GH13_18, GH13
PUL0166 enzyme activity assay, RT-PCR starch Bacteroides fragilis 16788175
Characterization of the primary starch utilization operon in the obligate anaerobe Bacteroides fragilis: Regulation by carbon source and oxygen. J Bacteriol. 2006 Jul;188(13):4663-72. doi: 10.1128/JB.00125-06.
2006 Jul degradation 5 1 GH13_10, GH13
PUL0230 RT-PCR, enzyme activity assay, clone, enzyme kinetic analysis, thin layer chromatography, crystallization maltooligosaccharide Lactobacillus acidophilus 22685275, 32444471
Enzymology and structure of the GH13_31 glucan 1,6-alpha-glucosidase that confers isomaltooligosaccharide utilization in the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM. An 1,4-alpha-Glucosyltransferase Defines a New Maltodextrin Catabolism Scheme in Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Bacteriol. 2012 Aug;194(16):4249-59. doi: 10.1128/JB.00622-12. Epub 2012 Jun 8. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2020 Jul 20;86(15):e00661-20. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00661-20. Print 2020 Jul 20.
2012 Aug,2020 Jul 20 degradation 12 4 GH65, CBM34, GH13, GH13_20
PUL0236 proteome fractionation, mass spectrometry, target decoy database analysis alpha-glucan Gramella forsetii 24522261
Functional characterization of polysaccharide utilization loci in the marine Bacteroidetes 'Gramella forsetii' KT0803. ISME J. 2014 Jul;8(7):1492-502. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2014.4. Epub 2014 Feb 13.
2014 Jul degradation 13 4 GH13, GH13, GH13_36, GH65, GH13_7
PUL0265 enzyme activity assay, gene deletion mutant and growth assay maltose, maltotriose Staphylococcus xylosus 7730272
Characterization of a genetic locus essential for maltose-maltotriose utilization in Staphylococcus xylosus. J Bacteriol. 1995 May;177(9):2408-15. doi: 10.1128/jb.177.9.2408-2415.1995.
1995 May degradation 2 1 GH13_31, GH13
PUL0267 RT-qPCR glycogen Lactobacillus acidophilus 23879596
A functional glycogen biosynthesis pathway in Lactobacillus acidophilus: expression and analysis of the glg operon. Mol Microbiol. 2013 Sep;89(6):1187-200. doi: 10.1111/mmi.12338. Epub 2013 Aug 16.
2013 Sep biosynthesis 10 4 GH13_9, CBM48, GH13, GT5, GT35, GH13_39, CBM34, GH13
PUL0268 Northern Blot, promoter assay starch Geobacillus kaustophilus 23793634
Polysaccharide-degrading thermophiles generated by heterologous gene expression in Geobacillus kaustophilus HTA426. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Sep;79(17):5151-8. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01506-13. Epub 2013 Jun 21.
2013 Sep degradation 5 1 GH13_1, GH13
PUL0327 microarray, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, gene deletion mutant and growth assay, complementation study maltodextrin Enterococcus faecalis 28455338, 32680872
Enzymes Required for Maltodextrin Catabolism in Enterococcus faecalis Exhibit Novel Activities. Enterococcus faecalis Maltodextrin Gene Regulation by Combined Action of Maltose Gene Regulator MalR and Pleiotropic Regulator CcpA. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017 Jun 16;83(13):e00038-17. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00038-17. Print 2017 Jul 1. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2020 Sep 1;86(18):e01147-20. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01147-20. Print 2020 Sep 1.
2017 Jul 1,2020 Sep 1 degradation 6 3 GH13, CBM34, GH13_20
PUL0335 fosmid library screen, enzyme activity assay, thin layer chromatography xylan, beta-glucan, lichenan uncultured bacterium 28091525
A fibrolytic potential in the human ileum mucosal microbiota revealed by functional metagenomic. Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 16;7:40248. doi: 10.1038/srep40248.
2017 Jan 16 degradation 31 4 GH13, GH97, GH3, GH158, GH16
PUL0361 enzyme activity assay starch, maltodextrin Thermotoga maritima 10972187
Thermotoga maritima AglA, an extremely thermostable NAD+-, Mn2+-, and thiol-dependent alpha-glucosidase. Extremophiles. 2000 Aug;4(4):189-200. doi: 10.1007/pl00010711.
2000 Aug degradation 6 3 GH13_20, CBM34, GH13, GH4
PUL0365 RT-PCR maltodextrin Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 17311090
Plant carbohydrate scavenging through tonB-dependent receptors: a feature shared by phytopathogenic and aquatic bacteria. PLoS One. 2007 Feb 21;2(2):e224. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000224.
2007 Feb 21 degradation 8 4 GH13, GH13_2, GH97
PUL0371 enzyme activity assay cyclomaltodextrin Thermococcus sp. B1001 11489857
Extracellular synthesis, specific recognition, and intracellular degradation of cyclomaltodextrins by the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus sp. strain B1001. J Bacteriol. 2001 Sep;183(17):5050-7. doi: 10.1128/JB.183.17.5050-5057.2001.
2001 Sep degradation 5 1 CBM34, GH13, GH13_20
PUL0421 microarray starch Bacteroides ovatus 22205877
Recognition and degradation of plant cell wall polysaccharides by two human gut symbionts. PLoS Biol. 2011 Dec;9(12):e1001221. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001221. Epub 2011 Dec 20.
2011 Dec degradation 7 3 GH13, GH13_10, GH97, GH13
PUL0436 mass spectrometry, high performance anion exchange chromatography glucomannan Chitinophaga pinensis 28069559
Proteomic insights into mannan degradation and protein secretion by the forest floor bacterium Chitinophaga pinensis. J Proteomics. 2017 Mar 6;156:63-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2017.01.003. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
2017 Mar 6 degradation 8 2 GH65, GH13, CBM32
PUL0454 SDS-PAGE, protein fingerprinting (MALDI-TOF PMF) acarbose Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110 22944206
The cytosolic and extracellular proteomes of Actinoplanes sp. SE50/110 led to the identification of gene products involved in acarbose metabolism. J Biotechnol. 2013 Aug 20;167(2):178-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2012.08.011. Epub 2012 Aug 31.
2013 Aug 20 biosynthesis 22 4 GH13_13, CBM41, GH13, GT5, GT0, GT5, GT0, GH77, GH13_13, CBM41, CBM20, GH13_2
PUL0455 clone and expression, genes induced in presence of substrate, enzyme activity assay sucrose Bifidobacterium animalis 12513973
Induction of sucrose utilization genes from Bifidobacterium lactis by sucrose and raffinose. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003 Jan;69(1):24-32. doi: 10.1128/AEM.69.1.24-32.2003.
2003 Jan degradation 3 1 GH13, GH13_18
PUL0473 growth assay alpha-glucan, starch Flavobacterium johnsoniae 19717629
Novel features of the polysaccharide-digesting gliding bacterium Flavobacterium johnsoniae as revealed by genome sequence analysis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Nov;75(21):6864-75. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01495-09. Epub 2009 Aug 28.
2009 Nov degradation 8 3 CBM26, GH13, GH97, GH13
PUL0486 RT-PCR, sugar utilization assay raffinose Streptococcus pneumoniae 10613841
Regulation of the alpha-galactosidase activity in Streptococcus pneumoniae: characterization of the raffinose utilization system. Genome Res. 1999 Dec;9(12):1189-97. doi: 10.1101/gr.9.12.1189.
1999 Dec degradation 8 2 GH13, GH13_18, GH36
PUL0534 RNA-Seq pectin Bacteroides cellulosilyticus 23976882
Effects of diet on resource utilization by a model human gut microbiota containing Bacteroides cellulosilyticus WH2, a symbiont with an extensive glycobiome. PLoS Biol. 2013;11(8):e1001637. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001637. Epub 2013 Aug 20.
2013 degradation 9 5 GH133, GH0, GH13, GH13_10, GH2, GH53, GH147
PUL0540 RNA-Seq pullulan Bacteroides cellulosilyticus 23976882
Effects of diet on resource utilization by a model human gut microbiota containing Bacteroides cellulosilyticus WH2, a symbiont with an extensive glycobiome. PLoS Biol. 2013;11(8):e1001637. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001637. Epub 2013 Aug 20.
2013 degradation 6 3 GH97, GH13, GH13
PUL0575 microarray, growth assay, gene deletion mutant and growth assay raffinose Enterococcus faecium 20946531
A genetic element present on megaplasmids allows Enterococcus faecium to use raffinose as carbon source. Environ Microbiol. 2011 Feb;13(2):518-28. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02355.x. Epub 2010 Oct 15.
2011 Feb degradation 11 2 GH13, GH13_18, GH13_31, GH13, GH36, GH4
PUL0584 microarray melibiose Lactococcus lactis 23530958
Genotype-phenotype matching analysis of 38 Lactococcus lactis strains using random forest methods. BMC Microbiol. 2013 Mar 26;13:68. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-13-68.
2013 Mar 26 degradation 11 2 GH13, GH13_18, GH36
PUL0593 Northern Blot maltose, maltotriose Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes 8576036
Molecular analysis of the amy gene locus of Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes EM1 encoding starch-degrading enzymes and a binding protein-dependent maltose transport system. J Bacteriol. 1996 Feb;178(4):1039-46. doi: 10.1128/jb.178.4.1039-1046.1996.
1996 Feb degradation 6 2 GH13_39, CBM34, GH13, CBM20, GH13_2, CBM20
PUL0595 enzyme activity assay, qPCR, crystallization starch [Eubacterium] rectale 25388295
Molecular details of a starch utilization pathway in the human gut symbiont Eubacterium rectale. Mol Microbiol. 2015 Jan;95(2):209-30. doi: 10.1111/mmi.12859. Epub 2014 Dec 19.
2015 Jan degradation 4 1 CBM26, GH13_41, CBM82, GH13, CBM41, CBM83
PUL0604 microarray, qRT-PCR, culureing methods galactomannooligosaccharide Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 31703861
Transcriptional analysis of galactomannooligosaccharides utilization by Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1. Food Microbiol. 2020 Apr;86:103336. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2019 Sep 14.
2020 Apr degradation 6 2 GH32, GH13_31, GH13
PUL0605 RT-PCR, gene deletion mutant and growth assay glycogen Escherichia coli 33101261, 21029047
Glycogen Metabolism Impairment via Single Gene Mutation in the glgBXCAP Operon Alters the Survival Rate of Escherichia coli Under Various Environmental Stresses. Escherichia coli glycogen genes are organized in a single glgBXCAP transcriptional unit possessing an alternative suboperonic promoter within glgC that directs glgAP expression. Front Microbiol. 2020 Sep 25;11:588099. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.588099. eCollection 2020. Biochem J. 2011 Jan 1;433(1):107-17. doi: 10.1042/BJ20101186.
2020,2011 Jan 1 biosynthesis 5 4 GT35, GT5, GH13, GH13_11, CBM48, GH77, GH13, GH13_9, CBM48
PUL0611 liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry alpha-glucan Winogradskyella sp. isolate Bin3 32071270
Metagenomic and Metaproteomic Insights into Photoautotrophic and Heterotrophic Interactions in a Synechococcus Culture. mBio. 2020 Feb 18;11(1):e03261-19. doi: 10.1128/mBio.03261-19.
2020 Feb 18 degradation 14 6 GH97, GH13, GH13_19, GH13_38, GH31, GH13, GH65
PUL0642 recombinant protein expression sucrose, kestose, nystose Roseburia intestinalis L1-82 33439065
Characterization of fructooligosaccharide metabolism and fructooligosaccharide-degrading enzymes in human commensal butyrate producers. Gut Microbes. 2021 Jan-Dec;13(1):1-20. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2020.1869503.
2021 Jan-Dec degradation 11 6 GH36, GH13_31, GH13, CBM38, GH32, GH13_18, GH10, CBM86, CBM9, CBM0, CBM22, GH53, CBM61
PUL0647 qPCR sucrose Streptococcus mutans UA159 33603728
The Route of Sucrose Utilization by Streptococcus mutans Affects Intracellular Polysaccharide Metabolism. Front Microbiol. 2021 Feb 2;12:636684. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.636684. eCollection 2021.
2021 biosynthesis 5 3 GT35, GT5, CBM48, GH13_9, GH13