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sialic acid
Sialic acids are a diverse family of sugar units with a nine-carbon backbone and are usually found attached to the outer parts of glycan chains found on the surface of all cell types. They possess many structural and modulatory roles due to their negative charge and hydrophobicity.

Schauer R. (2000). Achievements and challenges of sialic acid research. Glycoconjugate journal, 17(7-9), 485–499. Click here to redirect detail information.
Angata, T., & Varki, A. (2002). Chemical diversity in the sialic acids and related alpha-keto acids: an evolutionary perspective. Chemical reviews, 102(2), 439–469. Click here to redirect detail information.
Varki A. (2008). Sialic acids in human health and disease. Trends in molecular medicine, 14(8), 351–360. Click here to redirect detail information.

CAZyme Gene Cluster:
Substrate Genome_ID CGC_ID CGC_Content Species Name
sialic acid MGYG000002396 MGYG000002396_1|CGC6
Bifidobacterium bifidum
sialic acid MGYG000003370 MGYG000003370_3|CGC1
Streptococcus mitis_AC

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