20829291, Microbiology (Reading). 2010 Nov;156(Pt 11):3255-3269. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.042978-0. Epub 2010 Sep 9.

Characterization method

sequence homology analysis,microscopy

Genomic accession number


Nucelotide position range



capsule polysaccharide




Bacteroides fragilis/817

Degradation or Biosynthesis


Cluster number


Gene name

Gene position

Gene type

Found by CGCFinder?

- 1 - 954 (-) TC: gnl|TC-DB|P0AC78|9.B.146.1.7 Yes
- 1072 - 1968 (-) other Yes
- 1987 - 3018 (-) CAZyme: GT4 Yes
- 2990 - 4132 (-) CAZyme: GT4 Yes
- 4129 - 5226 (-) CAZyme: GT4 Yes
- 5219 - 6445 (-) other Yes
- 6480 - 7208 (-) CAZyme: GT2_Glycos_transf_2|GT2 Yes
- 7215 - 8561 (-) other Yes
- 8585 - 9481 (-) CAZyme: GT2_Glycos_transf_2|GT2 Yes
rfbE 9474 - 10493 (-) CDS No
- 10501 - 11391 (-) CDS No
- 11388 - 12467 (-) CDS No
- 12472 - 13248 (-) CDS No
- 13245 - 14582 (-) CDS No




20829291, Microbiology (Reading). 2010 Nov;156(Pt 11):3255-3269. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.042978-0. Epub 2010 Sep 9.


Twenty-eight divergent polysaccharide loci specifying within- and amongst-strain capsule diversity in three strains of Bacteroides fragilis.


Patrick S, Blakely GW, Houston S, Moore J, Abratt VR, Bertalan M, Cerdeno-Tarraga AM, Quail MA, Corton N, Corton C, Bignell A, Barron A, Clark L, Bentley SD, Parkhill J


Comparison of the complete genome sequence of Bacteroides fragilis 638R, originally isolated in the USA, was made with two previously sequenced strains isolated in the UK (NCTC 9343) and Japan (YCH46). The presence of 10 loci containing genes associated with polysaccharide (PS) biosynthesis, each including a putative Wzx flippase and Wzy polymerase, was confirmed in all three strains, despite a lack of cross-reactivity between NCTC 9343 and 638R surface PS-specific antibodies by immunolabelling and microscopy. Genomic comparisons revealed an exceptional level of PS biosynthesis locus diversity. Of the 10 divergent PS-associated loci apparent in each strain, none is similar between NCTC 9343 and 638R. YCH46 shares one locus with NCTC 9343, confirmed by mAb labelling, and a second different locus with 638R, making a total of 28 divergent PS biosynthesis loci amongst the three strains. The lack of expression of the phase-variable large capsule (LC) in strain 638R, observed in NCTC 9343, is likely to be due to a point mutation that generates a stop codon within a putative initiating glycosyltransferase, necessary for the expression of the LC in NCTC 9343. Other major sequence differences were observed to arise from different numbers and variety of inserted extra-chromosomal elements, in particular prophages. Extensive horizontal gene transfer has occurred within these strains, despite the presence of a significant number of divergent DNA restriction and modification systems that act to prevent acquisition of foreign DNA. The level of amongst-strain diversity in PS biosynthesis loci is unprecedented.