31062073, Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019 Nov;76(21):4319-4340. doi: 10.1007/s00018-019-03115-3. Epub 2019 May 6.
32801182, Appl Environ Microbiol. 2020 Oct 1;86(20):e01651-20. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01651-20. Print 2020 Oct 1.

Characterization method

affinity gel electrophoresis,substrate binding assay,RNA-Seq

Genomic accession number


Nucelotide position range





BACOVA_02740 - BACOVA_02745


Bacteroides ovatus/28116

Degradation or Biosynthesis


Gene Name

Locus Tag

Protein ID

Gene Position

GenBank Contig Range

EC Number

- BACOVA_02740 EDO11531.1 0 - 3972 (+) DS264579.1:174339-178311 -
- BACOVA_02741 EDO11532.1 4590 - 5406 (+) DS264579.1:178929-179745 -
- BACOVA_02742 EDO11533.1 5426 - 8615 (+) DS264579.1:179765-182954 -
- BACOVA_02743 EDO11534.1 8626 - 10303 (+) DS264579.1:182965-184642 -
- BACOVA_02744 EDO11535.1 10323 - 11586 (+) DS264579.1:184662-185925 -
- BACOVA_02745 EDO11536.1 11698 - 13993 (+) DS264579.1:186037-188332 -

Cluster number


Gene name

Gene position

Gene type

Found by CGCFinder?

- 1 - 3972 (+) TF: DBD-Pfam|HTH_AraC,DBD-SUPERFAMILY|0035607 No
- 4591 - 5406 (+) CAZyme: GH16 Yes
- 5427 - 8615 (+) TC: gnl|TC-DB|Q93TH9|1.B.14.6.2 Yes
- 8627 - 10303 (+) TC: gnl|TC-DB|Q8A8X0|8.A.46.2.1 Yes
- 10324 - 11586 (+) other Yes
- 11699 - 13993 (+) CAZyme: GH3 Yes




31062073, Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019 Nov;76(21):4319-4340. doi: 10.1007/s00018-019-03115-3. Epub 2019 May 6.


Surface glycan-binding proteins are essential for cereal beta-glucan utilization by the human gut symbiont Bacteroides ovatus.


Tamura K, Foley MH, Gardill BR, Dejean G, Schnizlein M, Bahr CME, Louise Creagh A, van Petegem F, Koropatkin NM, Brumer H


The human gut microbiota, which underpins nutrition and systemic health, is compositionally sensitive to the availability of complex carbohydrates in the diet. The Bacteroidetes comprise a dominant phylum in the human gut microbiota whose members thrive on dietary and endogenous glycans by employing a diversity of highly specific, multi-gene polysaccharide utilization loci (PUL), which encode a variety of carbohydrases, transporters, and sensor/regulators. PULs invariably also encode surface glycan-binding proteins (SGBPs) that play a central role in saccharide capture at the outer membrane. Here, we present combined biophysical, structural, and in vivo characterization of the two SGBPs encoded by the Bacteroides ovatus mixed-linkage beta-glucan utilization locus (MLGUL), thereby elucidating their key roles in the metabolism of this ubiquitous dietary cereal polysaccharide. In particular, molecular insight gained through several crystallographic complexes of SGBP-A and SGBP-B with oligosaccharides reveals that unique shape complementarity of binding platforms underpins specificity for the kinked MLG backbone vis-a-vis linear beta-glucans. Reverse-genetic analysis revealed that both the presence and binding ability of the SusD homolog BoSGBP(MLG)-A are essential for growth on MLG, whereas the divergent, multi-domain BoSGBP(MLG)-B is dispensable but may assist in oligosaccharide scavenging from the environment. The synthesis of these data illuminates the critical role SGBPs play in concert with other MLGUL components, reveals new structure-function relationships among SGBPs, and provides fundamental knowledge to inform future (meta)genomic, biochemical, and microbiological analyses of the human gut microbiota.


32801182, Appl Environ Microbiol. 2020 Oct 1;86(20):e01651-20. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01651-20. Print 2020 Oct 1.


Sharing a beta-Glucan Meal: Transcriptomic Eavesdropping on a Bacteroides ovatus-Subdoligranulum variabile-Hungatella hathewayi Consortium.


Centanni M, Sims IM, Bell TJ, Biswas A, Tannock GW


Whole-transcriptome analysis was used to investigate the molecular interplay between three bacterial species that are members of the human gut microbiota. Bacteroides ovatus, Subdoligranulum variabile, and Hungatella hathewayi formed associations in cocultures fed barley beta-glucan, a constituent of dietary fiber. B. ovatus depolymerized beta-glucan and released, but did not utilize, 3-O-beta-cellobiosyl-d-glucose (DP3) and 3-O-beta-cellotriosyl-d-glucose (DP4). These oligosaccharides provided growth substrates for S. variabile and H. hathewayi with a preference for DP4 in the case of the latter species. There was increased transcription of a B. ovatus mixed-linkage-beta-glucan utilization locus, as well as carbohydrate transporters in S. variabile and H. hathewayi when in batch coculture. Increased transcription of the beta-glucan utilization locus did not occur in continuous culture. Evidence for interactions relating to provision of cobalamin, alterations to signaling, and modulation of the "stringent response" (an adaptation to nutrient deprivation) were detected. Overall, we established a bacterial consortium based on barley beta-glucan in vitro, which can be used to investigate aspects of the functional blueprint of the human gut microbiota.IMPORTANCE The microbial community, mostly composed of bacterial species, residing in the human gut degrades and ferments polysaccharides derived from plants (dietary fiber) that would not otherwise be digested. In this way, the collective metabolic actions of community members extract additional energy from the human diet. While the variety of bacteria present in the microbial community is well known, the formation of bacterial consortia, and the consequent interactions that result in the digestion of dietary polysaccharides, has not been studied extensively. The importance of our work was the establishment, under laboratory conditions, of a consortium of gut bacteria that formed around a dietary constituent commonly present in cereals. This enabled the metabolic interplay between the bacterial species to be studied. This kind of knowledge is required to construct an interactive, metabolic blueprint of the microbial community that inhabits the human gut.