Database for Polyphenol Utilized Proteins from gut microbiota

Subfamily Sequences

Literature Information

Title Kinetic and Spectroscopic Studies on the Quercetin 2,3-Dioxygenase from Bacillus subtilis
Author Matthew R. Schaab, Brett M. Barney, and Wilson A. Francisco
DOI 10.1021/bi051571c
Abstract Quercetin 2,3-dioxygenase from Bacillus subtilis (QueD) converts the flavonol quercetin and molecular oxygen to 2-protocatechuoylphloroglucinolcarboxylic acid and carbon monoxide. QueD, the only known quercetin 2,3-dioxygenase from a prokaryotic organism, has been described as an Fe2+-dependent bicupin dioxygenase. Metal-substituted QueDs were generated by expressing the enzyme in Escherichia coli grown on minimal media in the presence of a number of divalent metals. The addition of Mn2+, Co2+, and Cu2+ generated active enzymes, but the addition of Zn2+, Fe2+, and Cd2+ did not increase quercetinase activity to any significant level over a control in which no divalent ions were added to the media. The Mn2+- and Co2+-containing QueDs were purified, characterized by metal analysis and EPR spectroscopy, and studied by steady-state kinetics. Mn2+ was found to be incorporated nearly stoichiometrically to the two cupin motifs. The hyperfine coupling constant of the g = 2 signal in the EPR spectra of the Mn2+-containing enzyme showed that the two Mn2+ ions are ligated in an octahedral coordination. The turnover number of this enzyme was found to be in the order of 25 s-1, nearly 40-fold higher than that of the Fe2+-containing enzyme and similar in magnitude to that of the Cu2+-containing quercertin 2,3-dioxygenase from Aspergillus japonicus. In addition, kinetic and spectroscopic data suggest that the catalytic mechanism of QueD is different from that of the Aspergillus quercetinases but similar to that proposed for the extradiol catechol dioxygenases. This study provides evidence that Mn2+ might be the preferred cofactor for this enzyme and identifies QueD as a new member of the manganese dioxygenase family.

Experimental results

  • Enzyme

Uniprot ID: P42106

Protein: Quercetin 2,3-dioxygenase

Organism: Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)

Length: 337 AA

Taxonomic identifier: 224308 [NCBI]

  • Pfam
Source Domain Start End E-value (Domain) Coverage
Pfam-A Cupin_2 55 110 7.1e-13 0.775
Pfam-A Cupin_2 226 281 5.1e-16 0.775

Program: hmmscan

Version: 3.1b2 (February 2015)

Method: hmmscan --domtblout hmmscan.tbl --noali -E 1e-5 pfam query.fa

Date: Mon Jul 20 14:32:16 2020




This family represents the conserved barrel domain of the ‘cupin’ superfamily1 (‘cupa’ is the Latin term for a small barrel).


This family represents the conserved barrel domain of the cupin superfamily1 (cupa is the Latin term for a small barrel).

Information is taken from Pfam and InterPro web site.

  • Reaction

quercetin + oxygen2-(3,4-dihydroxybenzoyloxy)-4,6-dihydroxybenzoate + carbon monoxide + H+

[R2]carbon monoxide


  1. Dunwell J M. Cupins: a new superfamily of functionally diverse proteins that include germins and plant storage proteins[J]. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews, 1998, 15(1): 1-32. 

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