Database for Polyphenol Utilized Proteins from gut microbiota

PUP homologs from UHGP


The Unified Human Gastrointestinal Protein (UHGP) was collated from the Unified Human Gastrointestinal Genome ( UHGG) collection, which contains 204,938 nonredundant prokaryotic genomes from human gut microbiome. UHGG genomes were retrieved from different dataset (IMG, NCBI, PATRIC, HBC, CGR, CIBIO, EBI and HGM). UHGP contains all the proteins from UHGG. The UHGG sequences, functional annotations, and metadata are available from the MGnify FTP site.

UHGP Homologs

As described in the homepage, the 31 Pfam signature domains of 60 seed proteins (including 2 proteins in UCs) were used to search against UHGP-90 using HMMSEARCH and PSI_BLAST. The obtained sequences were further filtered by PSI-BLAST and in total 51,157 UHGP homologs are found.

The protein sequences, functional annotation, taxonomic lineage, and geographic metadata were extracted and presented.

Physically linked PUP gene clusters (PGCs)

The UHGP protein data are derived from the Unified Human Gastrointestinal Genomes (UHGG), which contain over 200,000 nonredundant genomes from the human gut microbiome. By locating the PUP homologs of UHGP in the genomes, we have identified physically linked PUP gene clusters (PGCs) in the gut microbiome, which potentially are involved in polyphenols utilization in human gut. The concept of PGCs is the same as the polysaccharide utilization loci (PULs) or CAZyme gene clusters (CGCs) for carbohydrate utilization. The idea/hypothesis is that for more efficient polyphenol utilization, PUP encoding genes might be clustered with each other and with other genes in the microbial genomes to form an operon or physically linked gene clusters for coordinated gene expression.

By locating the PUP homologs of UHGP in the genomes, we have defined physically linked PUP gene clusters (PGCs) using the following algorithm:

Using the simple algorithm described above, a total of 1074 PGCs were identified with PGC sizes ranging from 2 kb to 11 kb.

Gene cluster size Number Cluster ID
2 679 PGC_1 ~ PGC_679
3 228 PGC_680 ~ PGC_907
4 151 PGC_908 ~ PGC_1058
5 6 PGC_1059 ~ PGC_1064
6 5 PGC_1065 ~ PGC_1069
7 4 PGC_1070 ~ PGC_1073
8 1 PGC_1074

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Handcoded by Pengxiang Zhang & Yinchao He.